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APA Annotated Bibliography: Home

The University of Akron Wayne College Library

Crafting Annotations

Elements of an Evaluative Annotation:

There a three essential pieces that should be included in each source's annotation.  Each piece should be made up by a few sentences.  Combined, the annotation will be three paragraphs:

  1. Summarize: Describe the source and highlight the most important parts of the source or the part of the source you used
  2. Evaluate: Research the credibility of the source, using either the CRAAP or Information Interrogation methods of evaluation.  (Review Information Literacy Module 13 if needed)
  3. Reflect: Describe how you used the source and the valued it added to your presentation.

Example:

Cottrell, S. (2018). Mindfulness for students. London: Palgrave.

Written for college students, this practical book offers background and history of mindfulness and outlines the benefits for students. Specific mindfulness techniques are described and applied to academic situations like studying, reading, listening to lectures, and test taking.

Written by Stella Cottrell, an established authority in study skills and student success and Pro-Vice-Chancellor for Learning, Teaching and Student Engagement at the University of East London, the book offers broad coverage of the topic of mindfulness and specifically addresses how mindfulness practice can help students be more successful and less stressed in college.  The focus on the college student experience is relevant to myself and to my audience.  Published in 2018, this resource offers a very current treatment of the topic.  With five pages of scholarly references, the accuracy and authority can be verified.  

The general background information on mindfulness and meditation, referenced in my introduction, enhanced my basic understanding of good study skills.  I also used this source to describe the ideal physical study space and environment for mindfulness practice, and the ideal postures for sitting on the floor or in a chair, as referenced in the third body section of my outline.

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