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Anthropology & Archaeology Research Guide: eHRAF

Help with eHRAF Online

Citing eHRAF Sources

Sources simply reproduced by HRAF (primarily English language monographs) can be cited as if the information were found directly in those sources (HRAF need not be mentioned). If HRAF sources are used heavily in research for a publication, however, authors sometimes mention that fact in a note.

Citations for sources translated for HRAF should contain translation information (e.g. "Translated for the Human Relations Area Files by M. E. Fontaine, 1989").

If using a source directly from the eHRAF database, follow the guidelines for sources from databases provided by chosen citation style. Please refer to Citing Sources for guidance using a specific citation style.

Human Relations Area Files (eHRAF )

The Human Relations Area Files (HRAF) are a specially organized collection of thousands of full text sources on almost 400 cultures worldwide. HRAF can be useful for anyone looking for background information or specific data on a particular ethnic group, culture or country, as well as by those investigating subjects like architecture, kinship, political structure or settlement patterns on a comparative cross-cultural basis.